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Sectors: Construction and buildings


Updated on 13.04.2023

Bergen is the second largest city in Norway. Due to our Hanseatic heritage and proximity to the sea, our history is one of European collaboration. As a local government, we set the agenda with our political ambitions. We provide funding to projects and build partnerships with stakeholders. We facilitate citizens’ involvement in our policy development, and we provide services to inhabitants.

In the municipality, the strategic responsibility for circular economy (CE) planning is delegated to the Climate Agency and the Department of Business Development.

Countries: Norway
Population: 286.000
Resource use, flows and materials: To be confirmed

More information

The dual responsibility is mirrored in the goals to:

  1. reduce the carbon footprint and;
  2. accelerate sustainable business development.

The municipality has several CE projects and initiatives and employees from several municipal departments are involved in establishing a comprehensive Circular Economy Action Plan (CEAP) for the city.

Leading organisation

City of Bergen


Climate department

Link to existing circular economy action plan

The CEAP is under development. A strategic focus on CE is stated in the City of Bergen’s political platform. Several political and industrial circular initiatives have already been developed, and a transition towards a CE will be a part of Bergen’ response to the climate crisis and our climate goals.

With this as a backdrop, the City of Bergen has started developing our CEAP. The plan is still in the making, but the key sectors and areas of the action plan will be:

  1. buildings and construction
  2. food system and bioeconomy
  3. consumption, goods, and industry
  4. mobility and transportation
  5. communication, participation and collaboration

Although still not formalised, the strategic scope of the plan will be to support and facilitate the development of circular industries, technologies, and business models. More importantly, as an ambitious, responsible, and long-term community developer, the City of Bergen’s mission is to secure a transition towards a CE that is just, available, and efficient.

The CEAP will include strategic focus areas related to each key sector such as:

  1. public procurements;
  2. digitalisation and standardisation of information on local resources, products, waste, and materials;
  3. strategic business development;
  4. supporting local initiatives and actors and mobilisation of communities and citizens;
  5. systemic solutions to secure the transformation of the existing waste system;
  6. strategic partnerships.

As a local authority, the City of Bergen wants to ensure that the CEAP will secure an active testing, and improving, of circularity in our economic sectors, value chains, services, and infrastructures.


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Other activities

The City of Bergen have implemented a wide range of CE policies, projects, and initiatives the last five years:

  1. The circular potential: The feasibility study ‘Circular Bergen’ describes the sectors with the highest potential for circular development and associated barriers in the region.
  2. Waste and sanitation: The City of Bergen has secured the implementation of the sewer sludge biogas plant (15 GWh) and the city centre’s underground pneumatic waste system. Other important developments include the separate collection of food waste, and the dynamic financing of waste made possible in collaboration with the local waste managing company BIR.
  3. Food system: The City of Bergen has both strategic goals and measures to generate a positive impact on the food system.
  4. Bioeconomy: In collaboration with Vestland County Council, and other partners, the City of Bergen invests in the development of a regional, regenerative bioeconomy. The goal is to create circular and high value products and materials from biowaste, in an efficient and sustainable way. Investing in industrial networks, clusters and research programmes is the main strategy, as well as facilitating for industrial symbiosis.
  5. Sustainable communities: As a community developer, the City of Bergen is a facilitator for sustainable living, and the development of an inclusive and just CE. The City of Bergen strives to involve the local communities in this transition. Through investment in volunteer centres, makerspaces, environmental organisations and neighbourhood initiatives, we create spaces for sustainable and circular interaction. This year, we will increase our efforts to reduce textile waste.
  6. The circular city: The City of Bergen strives to create sustainable and circular spaces and buildings and develop solutions for sustainable, active, and shared mobility. This is about sharing public buildings and facilities with local communities, but also about establishing a more circular building practice. Circular mobility services, such as city bikes and shared vehicles, are prioritised. The development of Bergens light rail system, combined with a rigorous densification policy, remains the most important project.

Link to Circular Systemic Solution

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Circular economy good practices

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Key publications, policies, legislations and initiatives

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Support from CSO

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Target territory